The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Neonatology is a branch of pediatrics that deals with the premature or ill infants. Neonatal intensive care unit (NICUs) is the important constituent of neonatology. The new-born infants who are suffering from low birth weight, congenital malformations, sepsis, pulmonary hypoplasia, birth asphyxias and prematurity are treated in the NICUs. Practising physician in the area of neonatology is referred as neonatologist.
- Track 1-1Neonatal surgery
- Track 1-2Neonatal medicine
- Track 1-3Vertically transmitted infection
- Track 1-4Community neonatology
- Track 1-5Blueberry muffin baby
- Track 1-6Neonatal nursing
- Track 1-7Neonatal intensive care unit
Perinatology is also called as maternal-foetal medicine. It targets the foetus and mother health management pre and post pregnancy. Physicians of this area are perinatologists who focus on low as well as high risk pregnancies. They are specific to the treatment of mother about the complications caused during pregnancy.
- Track 2-1Fetal monitoring
- Track 2-2Drugs in pregnancy
- Track 2-3OB pharmacopoeia
- Track 2-4Genetics
- Track 2-5Telemedicine
- Track 2-6Advanced life support in obestrics
Functioning of blood is complex and essential for life; Due to this complexity vast diseases have been observed in case of neonates like anaemia, bleeding and childhood leukaemia. Haematology is the branch of science which deals with blood and the diseases associated with it. A haematologist is a physician who specifies in the disorders of the blood.
The blood disorders in the infants are mainly due to the red blood cells. Proper identification and treatment is important for a long term effect. Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT) is a condition that is responsible for severe life-threatening bleeding of the new-born.
- Track 3-1Hemophilia
- Track 3-2Neonatal lupus erythematosus
- Track 3-3Haemolytic disease of newborn
- Track 3-4Bleeding diatheses
- Track 3-5Disseminated intravascular coagulation
Cardiovascular system consists of heart, blood and blood vessels. It includes the pulmonary circulation and the systemic circulation. The systemic circulation functions in two parts–a macro circulation and a microcirculation. Blood consists of plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. The blood never leaves the network of blood vessels in human cardiovascular system. Lymphatic system is an open network. Cardiogenesis is an important part in foetal development as heart is the first organ to form. Minimal changes or malfunctions in this process may lead to congenital heart defects (CHDs). CHD is the most common congenital disorder in new-borns. Many new-borns with acute CHD are symptomatic and are identified soon after birth while others are not identified until they are discharged from the hospital.
- Track 4-1Neonatal stroke
- Track 4-2Arteovenous malformations
- Track 4-3Patent ductus arteriosus
- Track 4-4Ventricular septal defect
- Track 4-5Tetralogy of Fallot
- Track 4-6Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
The labyrinth of the central and peripheral nervous system is our nerve complex. It is our regulation and coordination centre. It tremendously gets affected due to various factors like trauma, autoimmune disorders, tumours etcetera. Physicians of this area of expertise are called as neurologists. Cerebral palsy is a long lasting movement disorder that occurs in early childhood. Signs and symptoms are variable. Poor coordination, stiff muscles, and tremors are the most common symptoms. Affected infants cannot roll over, sit, crawl, or walk as early as other children of their age.
Abnormal development or damage to the parts of the brain is the main cause of cerebral palsy. These problems may occur prior, post and during pregnancy. Cause of this has not yet been determined.
- Track 5-1Benign neonatal seizures
- Track 5-2Neonatal meningitis
- Track 5-3Perinatal asphyxia
- Track 5-4Spina bifida
- Track 5-5Brain tumors
Infant respiratory distress syndrome is also called neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. It is a syndrome in premature infants due to the insufficient development of pulmonary surfactant in the lungs. It may be due to neonatal infection or is genetically related. IRDS is one of the main causes of death in preterm infants. Other disorders like pulmonary hyperplasia also cause IRDS. The lungs of infants with this disease are deficient in a substance called surfactant, which prevents the respiratory collapse. This shortage of surfactant is related to an inhibition from the insulin that is produced in the new-born of diabetic mothers.
- Track 6-1Respiratory syncytial virus
- Track 6-2Apnea
- Track 6-3Pneumonia
- Track 6-4Respiratory distress syndrome
- Track 6-5Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
- Track 6-6Tuberculosis in infants
Various disorders are observed in neonates due to their metabolic malfunctions or genetic defects. Neonatal jaundice is also called as neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. It is the yellowing of the skin and other tissues of a new-born. Yellow colouring of the white part of eye and the face is the distinct sign of infant jaundice.
Neonatal diabetes mellitus is a form of diabetes that is rare, occurring in 1:500000 births. Infants do not produce required amounts of insulin which leads to hyperglycaemia. This is called permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus and is persistent throughout life.
Neonatal hypoglycaemia is an ailment where sugar levels in blood are inadequate. This if untreated leads to the brain injury that may cause problem of child development later.
Neonatal cholestasis is a condition where high amounts of bilirubin are observed. Defects in bile flow or malfunction of bile from liver cells may also cause this disorder.
- Track 7-1Neonatal jaundice
- Track 7-2Neonatal bowel obstruction
- Track 7-3Birth trauma
- Track 7-4Neonatal diabetes mellitus
- Track 7-5Neonatal hypoglycemia
- Track 7-6Neonatal cholestasis
Neonatal sepsis is a type of neonatal infection in which a blood stream infection is observed and it causes various other diseases. Neonatal sepsis is of two types: early and late onset. Cause of neonatal death in hospital as well as community in developing country.
Neonatal herpes simplex is a serious and very rare case which is caused by the transmission of the virus from mother to the foetus.
Neonatal tetanus is a form of general tetanus that affects the infants who did not procure passive immunity from the mother. This condition is mainly caused when the umbilical cord is cut with a non-sterile instrument.
Neonatal hepatitis is tenderness of the liver which occurs in a two month baby. Various virus like cytomegalovirus and hepatitis A, B or C viruses are the cause of 20% of neonatal hepatitis. Unknown conditions prevail for the remaining.
Neonatal conjunctivitis or ophthalmia neonatorum is the conjunctivitis caused in infant which is contracted to the baby from the mother affected with chlamydia or Neisseria gonorrhoea. It causes blindness when left untreated.
- Track 8-1Meconium aspiration syndrome
- Track 8-2Neonatal tetanus
- Track 8-3Neonatal herpes simplex
- Track 8-4Neonatal hepatitis
- Track 8-5Neonatal sepsis
- Track 8-6Neonatal conjunctivitis
Congenital disorder exists in an infant even before birth and is call as birth defect. Structural abnormalities are the most common type of congenital defects. Causes and symptoms are variable. The substance which causes an anomaly in infants is called as teratogen. Some disorders can be detected through prenatal screening.
Genetic syndromes in newborn’s are diagnosed after birth. Most of the defects are caused due to inheritance and are mostly rare.
- Track 9-1Neonatal abstinence syndrome
- Track 9-2Neonatal progeroid syndrome
- Track 9-3Angelman syndrome
- Track 9-4Klinefelter syndrome
- Track 9-5Prader-willi syndrome
- Track 9-6Rett syndrome
Ability to eat and digest food is crucial for growth and energy requirements of a Newborn. Neonates are also susceptible to various gastrointestinal disorders and may require surgical procedures like inguinal hernia, ileac perforation etcetera. Gastrointestinal infection like Infectious gastroenteritis may also occur. Vomiting, spitting up and dribbling milk with some others can be considered as symptoms of infant gastrointestinal problems. These disorders prevent normal digestion and cause irritation to baby.
- Track 10-1Feeding intolerance
- Track 10-2Gastroschisis
- Track 10-3High alimentary tract obstruction
- Track 10-4Malrotation of the bowel
- Track 10-5Esophagal atresia
- Track 10-6Meconium ileus
- Track 10-7Omphalocele
The Neonatal surgical procedures are very delicate and complicated surgeries which are performed by subspecialists like perinatologists, neonatologists, pediatric cardiologists, pediatric neurosurgeons and pediatric anaesthesiologists. Surgical procedures are done when anomalies have been observed in prenatal screening. These procedures can sometimes be performed when the baby is still in the womb.
- Track 11-1Tracheo-esophageal fistula
- Track 11-2Diaphragmatic hernia
- Track 11-3Congenital lung lesions
- Track 11-4Hirschsprungâ€™s disease
- Track 11-5Vascular access
- Track 11-6Necrotizing enterocolitis
- Track 11-7Annular pancreas
Skin disorders are common in the infants due to low immunity and may worsen into adolescence. Infection and inflammation with rashes and birthmarks are commonly observed. Most of the cases show temporary problems while in exceptional cases; the infant requires therapy and long term examination.
- Track 12-1Neonatal acne
- Track 12-2Acropustulosis
- Track 12-3Harlequin color change
- Track 12-4Erythroderma
- Track 12-5Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
An abnormality in the genetic constitution causes a genetic defect which is also called as congenital abnormality. These types of disorders are very rare and require special medical attention. This abnormality arises as a result of hereditary from the parent genes which may be caused due to mutations or deviations of DNA. Medical attention and care is the therapy for these defects.
- Track 13-1Huntington disease
- Track 13-2Fragile X syndrome
- Track 13-3Sickle cell disease
- Track 13-4Congenital hearing loss
- Track 13-5Phenylketonuria
- Track 13-6Maple syrup urine disease
- Track 13-7Congenital adrenal hyperplasiaÂ
Neonatal-perinatal medicine is apprehensive about the care of ill newborns and it is a subspecialty of pediatrics. Neonatologists treat the ill conditions and work in accordance with obstetricians, pediatricians and perinatologists. This branch especially deals with both the infant and the mother regarding the risks associated during pregnancy. Newborn intensive care units of a hospital monitor the neonatal problems and provide optimum therapy.
- Track 14-1Medical complications during pregnancy
- Track 14-2Neonatal screening
- Track 14-3Pediatric emergency medicine
- Track 14-4Medical toxicology
- Track 14-5Hospic and palliative medicine
The research areas in the field of Neonatology comprise of an extensive collection of various research regions or specialities from both clinical and basic sciences. Divisions like Pulmonary and developmental Biology in association with Perinatal Biology has collaborations with pediatrics for more research in the area of neonatology.
- Track 15-1Newcastle preterm birth growth studyÂ
- Track 15-2SERVIS studyÂ
- Track 15-3Movement analysis
- Track 15-4Neonatal surgery
- Track 15-5Reducing painful eye examinations in preterm infants (REDEXAM)