Neonatal Respiratory Disorders

Infant respiratory distress syndrome is also called neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. It is a syndrome in premature infants due to the insufficient development of pulmonary surfactant in the lungs. It may be due to neonatal infection or is genetically related. IRDS is one of the main causes of death in preterm infants. Other disorders like pulmonary hyperplasia also cause IRDS. The lungs of infants with this disease are deficient in a substance called surfactant, which prevents the respiratory collapse. This shortage of surfactant is related to an inhibition from the insulin that is produced in the new-born of diabetic mothers.