Neonatal Infections

Neonatal diseases are contaminations of the neonate (new conceived) amid the neonatal period or initial a month after birth. Neonatal contaminations might be shrunk by transplacental move in utero, in the birth channel amid conveyance (perinatal), or by different means after birth. Neonatal sepsis is a type of neonatal infection in which a blood stream infection is observed and it causes various other diseases. Neonatal sepsis is of two types: early and late onset. Cause of neonatal death in hospital as well as community in developing country. Neonatal herpes simplex is a serious and very rare case which is caused by the transmission of the virus from mother to the foetus.

Neonatal tetanus is a form of general tetanus that affects the infants who did not procure passive immunity from the mother. This condition is mainly caused when the umbilical cord is cut with a non-sterile instrument. Neonatal hepatitis is tenderness of the liver which occurs in a two month baby. Various virus like cytomegalovirus and hepatitis A, B or C viruses are the cause of 20% of neonatal hepatitis. Unknown conditions prevail for the remaining.

Neonatal conjunctivitis or ophthalmia neonatorum is the conjunctivitis caused in infant which is contracted to the baby from the mother affected with chlamydia or Neisseria gonorrhoea. It causes blindness when left untreated.