Various disorders are observed in neonates due to their metabolic malfunctions or genetic defects. Neonatal jaundice is also called as neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. It is the yellowing of the skin and other tissues of a new-born. Yellow colouring of the white part of eye and the face is the distinct sign of infant jaundice.
Neonatal diabetes mellitus is a form of diabetes that is rare, occurring in 1:500000 births. Infants do not produce required amounts of insulin which leads to hyperglycaemia. This is called permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus and is persistent throughout life.
Neonatal hypoglycaemia is an ailment where sugar levels in blood are inadequate. This if untreated leads to the brain injury that may cause problem of child development later.
Neonatal cholestasis is a condition where high amounts of bilirubin are observed. Defects in bile flow or malfunction of bile from liver cells may also cause this disorder.