CVS Problems In Neonates

Cardiovascular system consists of heart, blood and blood vessels. It includes the pulmonary circulation and the systemic circulation. The systemic circulation functions in two parts–a macro circulation and a microcirculation. Blood consists of plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. The blood never leaves the network of blood vessels in human cardiovascular system. Lymphatic system is an open network.  Cardiogenesis is an important part in foetal development as heart is the first organ to form. Minimal changes or malfunctions in this process may lead to congenital heart defects (CHDs). CHD is the most common congenital disorder in new-borns. Many new-borns with acute CHD are symptomatic and are identified soon after birth while others are not identified until they are discharged from the hospital.